Résumé / Abstract Journal-club_Hautes_Energies

Séminaire Hautes Energies /
Seminar High Energy

« Instrumental Tip-of-The-Iceberg Effects on the Prompt Emission of Swift/BAT GRBs »

Mike Moss
Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris (Paris, France)

The observed durations of prompt gamma-ray emission from Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) are often used to infer the progenitors and energetics of the sources. Inaccurate duration measurements will have a significant impact on constraining the processes powering the bursts. The ``tip-of-the-iceberg" effect describes how the observed signal is lost into background noise; lower instrument sensitivity leads to higher measurement bias. In this study, we investigate how observing conditions, such as the number of enabled detectors, background level, and incident angle of the source relative to the detector plane affect the measured duration of GRB prompt emission observed with the Burst Alert Telescope on board the Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory (Swift/BAT). We generate ``simple-pulse" light curve from an analytical Fast Rise Exponential Decay (FRED) function and from a sample of eight real GRB light curves, we fold these through the Swift/BAT instrument response function to simulate light curves Swift/BAT would have observed for specific observing conditions. We find duration measurements are highly sensitive to observing conditions and the incident angle of the source has the highest impact on measurement bias. In most cases duration measurements of synthetic light curves are significantly shorter than the true burst duration. For the majority of our sample, the percentage of duration measurements consistent with the true duration is as low as ~25% - 45%. In this article, we provide quantification of the tip-of-the-iceberg effect on GRB light curves due to Swift/BAT instrumental effects for several unique light curves.
jeudi 10 février 2022 - 14:00
Salle Entresol Daniel Chalonge
Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris
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