Résumé / Abstract Journal-club_Galaxies

Journal-club Galaxies

« On the Hot Gas of Early-type Galaxies. Slow versus Fast Rotators »

Marc Sarzi

For a galaxy, the ability to sustain a corona of hot, X-ray emitting gas can be a key element determining its star-formation history. An halo of hot gas can indeed be an effective shield against the external acquisition of cold gas whereas stellar-mass loss material is quickly absorbed by such an hot medium.
Since the discovery of such X-ray halos, the origin of the X-ray emission and the precise amount of hot gas around galaxies have been the matter of long debates, in particular when considering the rather loose correlation between the optical and X-ray luminosity of galaxies. This situation resulted from the limited ability to separate with earlier X-ray data the contribution from an active nucleus, the unresolved population of X-ray binaries and the X-ray emission from the intra-cluster medium, although the use of loosely defined optical data may have also contributed to such an impasse.
By combining the homogeneously-derived photometric and kinematic measurements for the 260 early-type galaxies of the Atlas3D integral-field spectroscopic survey with both low- and high-spatial resolution X-ray measurements, I will show that the ability to retain an halo of hot gas depends crucially on the dynamical structure and intrinsic flattening of a galaxy. In fact, in the framework of the revised classification for early-type galaxies advanced by the SAURON survey, I will show that Slow and Fast Rotators have radically different behaviors when it comes to their hot-gas content.
jeudi 9 février 2012 - 11:30
Salle 281, Institut d'Astrophysique
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